Generally, you sense to have some good news with the early morning rush to the bathroom for vomiting. According to the facts, around 80 percent of the women feel sickness in the morning during their pregnancy. And most of them even feel like vomiting and retching in the early morning. If you think that you are being unlucky spending your first trimester of pregnancy getting sick and all, then you are not alone.
Morning Sickness is a quite common condition and a symptom of being pregnant. However, its intensity can vary from one woman to another. At times, you will odd bouts of mild nausea or sometimes any odd smell will trigger your nausea feeling all throughout the day. In most of the cases, a woman gets relief after her first trimester however; some women are quite unlucky in this case as they have to endure this sickness all through their pregnancy until delivery.
Signs and Symptoms of Morning Sickness
Here are few symptoms-
- loss of appetite
- Weakness and fatigue
- Feeling exhausted, depressed, and anxious throughout the day
- Feeling quite dehydrated and lazy
In reality, morning sickness is a misnomer as the condition can bother you at any point of time in the day. The reason behind naming it is it occurs with a bit high intensity during morning which eases as the day progress.
Morning sickness can take a toll over your daily life routine. A pregnant woman facing bouts of round-the-clock nausea and vomiting may feel irritated, exhausted and miserable, she is unable to work, go office or look after her other children. At times, you feel like as no one can understand the pain you are going through. The best you can do at this time would be to get in contact with a fellow sufferer.
Though, it is said that morning sickness is common and everyone has to bear this. But facing it is not less than a challenge.
Causes of Morning Sickness
Till date the exact reason of morning sickness is a mystery, however scientists and doctors consider a combination of physical and metabolic factors responsible for triggering this condition. Here are some possible reasons of morning sickness:
- As soon as you get pregnant, the hormone Human Chronic Gonadotropin rises in your body. In fact you get your first news of being pregnant due to this hormone only. Though, not a proven reason, but as the hormone rises, the nausea and vomiting become worse. In women carrying multiples, there are high rates of nausea and vomiting due to high levels of HCG.
- During pregnancy, the blood pressure of the patient falls down which can lead to tiring and nausea feeling.
- Another hormone estrogen also rises during pregnancy, therefore, it is also considered as a suspect. According to scientists, estrogen can make you sensitive for certain smells and odors which can detect from long distances. This sensitivity of smell makes you feel like vomiting.
- Tiredness and hunger during pregnancy can also make you feel sick.
- If a woman carries stomach bacterium helicobacter pyroli in her tract, she may become more prone to nausea and vomiting.
- If during pregnancy you are under stress then your body may respond to that stress through nausea and vomiting. Though, there is no conclusive evidence to this supposed fact.
Can Morning Sickness Harm My Developing Baby?
This question would have surely bothered you once if you have gone through this situation. The answer would calm you down as mild to moderate nausea and occasional vomiting do not harm your child as long as you are keeping away with certain foods and drinking plenty of fluids.
Though, during extensive vomiting and retching, you may feel soreness in your abdominal muscles but it has nothing to do with your baby as it is very well protected in the amniotic sac.
The only concern that arises here is that with morning sickness taking a toll, you cannot have a balanced and nutritious diet. However, it would be better if you take balanced diet whenever you feel like. Your liver works as a storehouse of nutrients and your baby can easily catch up the nutrients sooner or later.
If nausea and vomiting keeps you from having a balanced diet, it is important to take folic acid and vitamin D supplements during your first trimester as this will help in developing spines, nerves, bones and teeth.
Despite all these, if you are frequently vomiting and is not able to sustain anything in your body, you may suffer from dehydration. It would be better to call your doctor as they can help you with some other treatments.
Why My Friend is not as Nauseated as I Am?
It is evident that during pregnancy, women make comparison among themselves relating to their weight, child development, health conditions and many other physical and psychological changes. You may feel why your friends or cousins not having morning sickness as much as you have. Or you may fear that there are some issues with your pregnancy. However, there is nothing like it. You must know certain things which can be the reason for this difference.
- In case, you are pregnant with twins or multiples, you may have high levels of hCG which can more frequently trigger nausea and vomiting within you.
- If you have a history of motion sickness.
- Genetic predisposition i.e. if your mother and sister had this sickness, you may have it.
- At times considered as myth but it is said that women with severe nausea and vomiting are likely to carry a girl with 50% probability.
- You will have to bear morning sickness, if you have gone through it during your first pregnancy.
- Being in a state of stress and anxiety can also trigger nausea.
- If you are a young obsess woman, you are on higher side of probability of getting affected with morning sickness.
Does Lack of Morning Sickness Mean Absence of Normal Pregnancy?
The answer to this question is yes and no both. Yes, because having morning sickness means you are developing enough HCG hormones to sustain your baby and placenta but not having sickness does not necessarily a bad sign.
There have been lots of cases when women do not feel any sign of nausea and vomiting and end up with healthy deliveries. If you are not feeling sick, don’t be obsessed about it. Just count yourself as being lucky.
How to Deal With Morning Sickness
If you are going through mild nausea and vomiting, your obstetricians and midwives may recommend you with following simple preventive measures:
- Never keep your stomach empty. Be a grazer. The best rule is eating six to eight small meals rather than three large squares. Moreover try to eat slowly.
- Let your food digest before you sleep.
- Those who suffer severe sickness may feel nauseated as soon as they get up from bed. To avoid this, you may put few crackers and other snacks by your bed. When you wake up, try to nibble a few of them and rest for a while before getting up.
- Brush your teeth and rinse your mouth after eating so that no smell persists later.
- You may rely on ginger foods like ginger tea, ginger candies, ginger snaps, ginger drinks etc.
- Acupressure may also help to reduce nausea symptoms to an extent. For this, you can wear a band or bracelet on your forearm.
- Keep yourself well hydrated by taking plenty of drinks like lemon juice, iced water, coconut water, barley water or any other safe drink you might like to have.
- Don’t bother yourself for not having nutritious diet. Just pick and eat anything you like. Your baby may catch the nutrients later and develop very well.
- Try to eat cold foods as they have lesser aroma. You can also chew peppermint as a cold alternative.
- In addition to all this, aromatherapy can also work for you. At times, smells of essential oils like peppermint, spearmint, lime, lemon and ginger can be helpful. You can carry a drop or two of these oils in your hanky and use it whenever you feel queasy.
- Give yourself some time to relax as being tired can also initiate bouts of nausea and vomiting. You can opt for a fresh air walk to ease the condition.
- There are some non-food triggers of morning sickness like a warm and stuffy room, heavy perfume, flickering lights, a car ride etc. So, try to avoid such things as much as possible.
What to do if Nothing Works
Sometimes, few women may go through a condition called as hyperemesis gravidarum which means extensive and prolonged nausea and vomiting. In such condition, you cannot keep anything down which leads to dehydration and loss of body weight. If you are going through any such conditions, you must immediately contact your doctor as she may treat you using intravenous fluids and other medications.