Pregnancy Week 1
Trying to conceive? Hoping to be pregnant soon? If yes, you must be eager to know what all changes you will be going through after you conceive. However, you could not know about your pregnancy at least till two weeks. The first week of pregnancy is actually the week when you have not conceived actually. It’s the weeks of your last menstrual period.
Now, you must be wondering that why then this week is considered as the first week of pregnancy. Just to avoid any unknowns and uncertainties, doctors want a date when they could consider the start of your pregnancy. As no one can say the actual date of your conception, your first day of last menstrual period is actually taken as the start of your pregnancy once you get that extra line on pregnancy indicator.
Ovulation and Conception
Ovulation is a process when your body releases an egg from ovaries in fallopian tubes to get fertilized with the sperm. Until and unless, ovulation occurs, there are no chances of fertilization. It is very hard to confirm the exact date of ovulation; however, it is believed to occur around two weeks after the start of your menstrual date. Now, sometimes the egg is released early which waits for the sperms for fusion while another times, sperms are released in the body before the egg is released.
Generally sperms can last in female body for few days while an egg survives only for a day. So, if you time your intercourse accordingly, you can have a successful conception. As everything is uncertain and there is only a probability, practitioners use the first day of your menstrual period to count your pregnancy and give you a due date. Due date is given nine months plus seven days later to the date of the start of periods.
Signs and Symptoms
As you are not pregnant yet, there are no actual signs and symptoms for pregnancy. However, you can be watchful for the symptoms of ovulation so that you can plan your physical relation accordingly. Generally it starts two weeks after your period date but it can be sooner or later also, so if you know the symptoms, you can act.
Here are the Symptoms of Ovulation
- Cervical fluid changes to the egg white consistency.
- Normally, basal body temperature remains constant but near ovulation, it slightly decline however increases as soon as egg released.
- There will be changes in cervix position and firmness, as it will become soft, high, open and wide.
- You have to be in tune with your feelings as you will have sex desire just prior to ovulation.
- The hormonal changes tend to cause your breasts tender before and after the ovulation.
- Ovulation predictor kits or OPK tests are helpful in knowing the exact time of ovulation.
- Though unique and uncommon, but there will be a fern-like pattern in your saliva when you ovulate.
Growth and Development of a Baby during 1st Week of Pregnancy
It may sound strange and funny but yes, actually you may not be pregnant in your first week. Right now, you just have an egg building up in your ovaries and getting prepared to relase in the fallopian tubes and meet the desired sperm for conception.
Though, you have to wait at least until two weeks to get any pregnancy symptoms but your baby’s gender is decided as soon as the egg meets the sperm. There are 46 chromosomes in a human genetic material contributed equally from both the partners which decides all its charcteristics. Out of them only two chromosomes (one from man and another from woman) referred as sex chromosomes are responsible for deciding the baby’s gender. These are generally denoted as X and Y. A mother always give a “X” chromosome while a father can give either “X” or “Y”. The presence of “Y” is responsible for the baby boy.
So, now you must be clear that it’s not a female who is responsible for a baby’s gender. It’s the sperm from your partner that will decide everything. However, irony is that in many Indian families, the female partner is cursed not to deliver a boy not knowing the actual fact.
As far as the baby’s development is concerned there is no special development other than that your egg is all prepared to leave your ovary to travel in the fallopian tubes. The fertilization will need two more weeks to occur, the successful completion of which will then confirm your pregnancy.
When your period begins, there are around 20 eggs or ova present in fluid filled follicles in the ovary. In a normal 28 days menstrul cycle, the egg is said to be relased after 14 days from one of the follicles. The time when your egg is relased is said to be the most fertile period for you. This is the best time to try because the egg is released and it’s waiting desperately to meet the sperm. In a sense, the probablity of conception is high. However, do not get disappointed if you fail your first chance. Even when you plan everything on time, there is only 25 % chance of getting pregnant for a woman in each month.
If you are trying to conceive, besides planning your relation on time, you must take care of your health and lifestyle to make yourself best suited for conceiving.
Here we are helping you with some care and tips, that you must follow before you even try to conceive.
Care and Tips during Week 1 of Pregnancy
Care And Tips for Women
Your healthy habits right from the first week will ensure healthy development of the baby in future. As a mom-to-be, you need to be careful for certain things.
Drop any Unhealthy Practices: Indulging in alcohol, drugs or any tobacco products dampers your fertility. Further, such practices can cause fetal birth defects, alcohol syndrome, respiratory issues, low birth weight or other types of health issues in your developing baby.
Also, cut your caffeine intake as it also hampers fertility.
Healthy Diet: A balanced and nutritious diet will multiply your chances of conceiving. When you eat well, your body feels itself to be prepared to carry this huge responsibility. Try to have enough vitamins, minerals, proteins and carbohydrates.
Preconception Visit: Have you planned a visit? Not yet! Do it right now. This is helpful to know any genetic, lifestyle and environmental hazards which may interfere in the process of baby making. Your doctor will advise you for some supplements like folic acid (400 mg daily) which is extremely important to avoid any neural tube defects like spina-bifida in your baby. Your prenatals may also include iron, calcium and vitamin B12.
Apart from this, it can be dangerous to take any non-prescription, prescription or any over-the-counter medications while you are trying to conceive. These may disrupt the release of your pregnancy hormones or can cause internal changes in the body which can further cause hurdles in your conceiving.
Watch your Weight: Though, a bulky woman can be pregnant but it is better that you work out on your weight. This is because of two reasons. Firstly, having a fit and fine body will boost your conception chances. Secondly, once you conceive, your weight is sure to increase and you cannot do anything of the same. So, it is better to start with a healthy weight.
Beat the Stress: Yoga, meditation, reading or walking, do whatever you like but do not be stressful. Studies say that women in stress take 29% longer to conceive than others.
Relationship: Last but not the least; the time of intercourse is important above all. Experts say that having intercourse every other day will enhance the chances of uniting egg and sperm. As this way, you will not miss that small window of opportunity-ovulation.
Some Tips For Men Too
After pregnancy, it is the woman who needs all the care, protection and precautions but in conceiving, a man has equal role and responsibility. Any issues related to sperm or the physical condition of your partner may disrupt the chances of conception irrespective of you being healthy and fertile.
So, here are some care and tips for men also to ensure healthy chances of conception.
- Like women, they must also drop all the unhealthy and ill practices of smoking, drinking and consuming drugs. These may cause negative impact on sperm quality and number.
- Electric blankets, tight fitting underwear, heated waterbeds or hot spas can adversely affect the temperamental testes by reducing the sperm quality and production. So, better say NO to them. Do not indulge in oral sex and use of lubricants as they can kill the sperms which you want to be alive, active and kicking.
- According to studies, more of soy foods can also lead to low sperm production.
- Mobile phones and other hands free devices if places closed to testicles may impair sperm quality. So, avoid them. Also, avoid keeping your laptops on your lap as it may also affect your testes.
- Apart from these above tips, all we can say is that eat healthy and live healthy. Adopting a healthy lifestyle with positive thinking will actually bring positive results.
So, here you see that week 1 of pregnancy is actually all about the care and precautions you take before actually starting this wonderful and exciting journey of pregnancy. So, just follow them and wait for the results. Hope you get the good news! Best of luck!!