Who was the First Woman Doctor of India Anandi Joshi (also known as Anandibai Gopalrao Joshee, Dr. Anandibai Joshee) was the Indian woman who obtained a degree in Western medicine in the year 1886. She is also famous as the first Hindu woman who set her foot on the American soil. Her birth name was Yamuna. About (Anandi Joshi) Anandi Joshi was born on 31st of March in the year 1865 in the Kalyan, Bombay Presidency, British India (District Thane Maharashtra). She was born in the very traditional and rich Brahmin family. She got married in her very early age of 9 to the Gopalrao Joshi due to family pressure. Her husband was a widow and around 20 years senior of her. After her marriage she was renamed by her husband as Anandi from her birth name Yamuna. Her husband was a postal clerk in the Kalyan. Once he was transferred to Alibag and then Calcutta. He was very open minded and helped a lot to her wife in getting further education. She gave birth to a baby boy at her age of 14 however he got died after ten days due to the unavailability of medical care. That moment was very tough to her which inspired her to become a physician. She got died on 26th of February in the year 1887 at her early age of aged 21 in the Pune, Bombay Presidency, British India. How Anandi Joshi became the First Indian Woman Doctor She got lots of inspiration from her husband to continue further education to study medicine however her child death due to the lack of medical care inspired her more to study and become a doctor. Instead of her illness, she was sent by her husband to America for medical studies. After lot of struggles and efforts she got fund contribution for her medical studies from the Viceroy of India. She went to New York from Calcutta for further studies where she got enrolled in the Women’s Medical College of Pennsylvania by the dean of college, Rachel Bodley. She got tuberculosis because of her long illness and improper diet during her education however she completed her graduation a day with an MD (specialty of “Obstetrics among the Aryan Hindoos”) on 11th of March in 1886. She was congratulated through messages by the Queen Victoria on her successful gradution. After her study she returned to India where she was appointed as a physician-in-charge of the female ward at local Albert Edward Hospital in the princely state of Kolhapur. Achievements of Anandi Joshi as a First Indian Woman Doctor She became a first Indian woman doctor...

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Who is the First Indian Women to Be Hanged The first Indian women who are going to be hanged in India are Renuka Kiran Shinde and Seema Mohan Gavit. About Death-Row Sisters (Renuka Kiran Shinde and Seema Mohan Gavit) The name of the death row sisters are Renuka Kiran Shinde (45 years old) and Seema Mohan Gavit (39 years old). Their father name is Kiran Shinde and mother name was Anjanabai Gavit. Their father was found not guilty by the court however their mother was with them and got died during the case ongoing process in the jail. They (and mother too) belong to the Kolhapur and got jailed in 1996 for kidnapping and killing small children for begging purposes. How Death-Row Sisters became the First Indian Woman to Be Hanged These two first Indian women (Renuka Shinde, 45 and Seema Gavit, 39) who have been decided to be hanged are from Kolhapur who were sentenced to death in the year 2001. Both of them were convicted and jailed in 1996 with their mother, Anjanabai Gavit in order to get punishment for kidnapping and killing children in the western state of Maharashtra. As per the media report, they have been charged for deaths of 13 children. Both of the sister were started this act of kidnapping youngsters for earning through begging and cruelly killing them when they became useless. The death sentence of both sisters was upheld by appeal court in 2004 however Supreme Court of India has decided to provide death sentence to such woman as a “rarest of rare” case. After their arrest, they kept in Yerawada Central Jail near Pune. Anjana (their mother) died because of the brain haemorrhage in between the case ongoing process. What is Death-Row Death row means a place (also called a section of a prison) allotted for housing prisoners who are awaiting their execution. It means being on death row at places where no any special facilities are available for convicted prisoners sentenced to...

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Who was the First Indian Woman to Cross English Channel The first woman of Indian who cross English Channel was Arati Saha. About Arati Saha Aarti Saha (Aarti Gupta nee Saha) was born on 24th of September in the year 1940 in Kolkata, West Bengal, India and died on 23rd of August in the year 1994 because of jaundice. She was very much interested towards the swimming from her childhood which was spotted by the Sachin Nag. How Arati Saha became the First Indian Woman to Cross English Channel She was motivated towards the swimming to cross the English Channel by an Indian swimmer, Mihir Sen. Finally; she won this competition on 29th of September in 1959. She swam to Sandgate and England from Cape Gris Nez and France. She made her own records of swimming for 42 miles in just 16 hours and 20 mins and hoisted Indian flag at the Sandgate. She was also participated in the Helsinki Olympics in the year 1952. She became the first woman from Asia who had swum the English Channel. Achievements of Arati Saha as a First Indian Woman to Cross English Channel She was the first Indian woman who had cross the English Channel by her fine swimming capability. She has been the winner of around 22 State competitions from 1945 to 1951. A stamp has been issued by the Indian government in her memory from 1998. She has been honored with the Padmashri in 1960. What is English Channel The English Channel or simply Channel is an Atlantic Ocean arm (560 km long and 240 km to 33.1 km width) separating the southern England from the northern France as well as joining the North Sea with the...

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Who was the First Woman Air Marshal? The first Indian woman air marshal of the Indian Air Force is Padmavathy Bandopadhyay. About Padmavathy Bandopadhyay Padmavathy Bandopadhyay, was born on 4th of November in the year 1944 in Tirupathi, Andhra Pradesh, became the first Indian woman Air Marshal of the Air Force. She is also the 2nd woman of Indian armed forces who has been honored with three-star rank. Her Husband, S.N. Bandopadhyay, is a retired Wing Commander. She has two children (one is an engineer in US and second one is a doctor at Vidyasagar Institute of Mental Health And Neuro Sciences, Delhi). She got her education from the Armed Forces Medical College, Kirori Mal College and Staff College in Wellington. How Padmavathy Bandopadhyay became the First Indian Woman Air Marshal She has joined the Indian Air Force in the year 1968 where she honored with the Vishisht Seva Medal for her big contribution into Indo-Pakistan War of 1971. She became the first Indian woman Air Marshal of the Air Force. Achievements of Padmavathy Bandopadhyay as a First Indian Woman Air Marshal She became the first woman air marshal of the Indian Air Force in 2002. She is also the first woman who becomes a member at Indian Aerospace Medical Society, completed the Defence Service Staff College course in the year 1978 as well as first Indian woman who conducted the scientific research at North Pole. What is Air Marshal Air marshal is an air-officer of the Indian air force ranked three-star. They hold very senior post of the Indian air force like...

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Who was the First Woman to receive Ashoka Chakra The first Indian woman who received the Ashoka Chakra was Neerja Bhanot. About Neerja Bhanot Neerja Bhanot was born on 7th of September in 1963 in Chandigarh, India to the Rama Bhanot and Harish Bhanot (a journalist in Mumbai) and died on 5th of September in 1986 in Karachi, Pakistan. She was a flight assistant for the Pan Am Mumbai, India. She got her education from the “Sacred Heart Senior Secondary School Chandigarh, Bombay Scottish School and St. Xavier’s College Mumbai”. She got married in the month of March in 1985 however, because of some problem she lived to her parent’s home in Mumbai. She was killed by the terrorists in the hijacked Pan Am Flight 73 while saving the passengers. How Neerja Bhanot became the First Woman to receive Ashoka Chakra She had applied for the job of flight attendant and became a senior flight assistant on the Pan Am Flight 73. A day this flight was hijacked at 5 am by the terrorists (Abu Nidal Organization) when landed at Karachi from Mumbai. They were killing the American passengers; suddenly they instructed Bhanot to gather all passengers passport in order to easily identify Americans. She then hid around 19 Americans passports under a seat. Some hours after, they started asking for passports. Bhanot was helping passengers to escape from the emergency door however she could not escaped herself while saving three children. She became famous worldwide by the title of “the heroine of the hijack” and became the youngest Ashok Chakra Award recipient. Achievements of Neerja Bhanot as a First Indian Woman to receive Ashoka Chakra She became the first Indian youngest woman who received the Ashoka Chakra for her bravery to face enemy by the Government of India. Government of India released an Indian Postal Service in the year 2004 to commemorate her. The Neerja Bhanot Pan Am Trust has been set up in the memory of her with the help of her parents. A Neerja Bhanot Chowk in Mumbai is named after her. What is Ashoka Chakra The Ashok Chakra is a most prestigious bravery award of the Indian given to the military or civilian personnel of bravery action during the peace time. It was first started in 1952 on 4th of January as the Ashoka Chakra. It has been started by the central government to pay Rs. 1400 (in Jammu and Kashmir, the amount is Rs. 1500) as a monthly stipend to the recipient of Ashoka Chakra from 1st of February...

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Who was the first woman to receive Nobel prize in India The first woman of India who received the Nobel Prize was Mother Teresa. About Mother Teresa Mother Teresa, a famous personality of the India, well known as “The Blessed Teresa of Calcutta” was born on 26th of August in 1910 in Üsküp, Kosovo Vilayet, Ottoman Empire to the Nikollë Bojaxhiu and Dranafile Bojaxhiu (Bernai) and died on 5th of September in 1997 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India. She was a great lady of “Albanian-born Indian Roman Catholic Religious Sister”. She was committed towards the religious life from the age of 12 and finally started serving for people from 15th of August in 1928. She had joined the Sisters of Loreto as a missionary after leaving her home at the age of 18 and never went back to her mother or sister. She, birth name “Agnes”, first went to the Loreto Abbey, Rathfarnham, Ireland to learn the language of Sisters of Loreto. She put her feet in India in the year 1929 and started working in Darjeeling (near Himalayan Mountains). She became a nun by reading vows on 24th of May in 1931 where she was started calling as Teresa (the Spanish spelling of Agnes). How Mother Teresa became the First Indian Woman to receive Nobel Prize Mother Teresa was really a God gifted mother for everyone who had founded the Missionaries of Charity which involves supporting the poor people suffering from the HIV, AIDS, tuberculosis, leprosy or other diseases. She was interested and inclined towards the social activities from her early childhood. She has been awarded with various honored awards including the Nobel Peace Prize in the year 1979. Achievements of Mother Teresa as a First Indian Woman to receive Nobel Prize She became the first woman “foreign born Indian citizen” recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. In the year 2003, she was honored with the title of “Blessed Teresa of Calcutta”. She had founded the Missionaries of Charity to help poor people with diseases. She has been honored with the Philippines based Ramon Magsaysay Award for her big contribution to help people internationally. What is Nobel Prize The Nobel Prize is a most famous award given annually for some outstanding work in the field of Physiology, Physics, Chemistry, Peace promotion, Literature, Medicine and Economics. It was first awarded in the year 1901 by the members of Swedish learned societies or the Norwegian...

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Who was the First Woman to receive Bharat Ratna Indira Gandhi was the first woman of India who received the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award of the Republic of India, in 1971. About Indira Gandhi The full name of the Indira Gandhi is Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi who became the third Prime Minister of India as well as the first woman Prime Minister of India. She became the most famous political icon of the India and most inspiring lady for all women of the country. She was honored by awarding the most prestigious award of India, the Bharat Ratna. How Indira Gandhi became the First Woman to receive Bharat Ratna Indira Gandhi, the third and first woman Prime Minister of India, has been awarded with the highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna, of the India in the year 1971 for her great involvement in the field of Public Affairs of the state, Uttar Pradesh. Achievements of Indira Gandhi as a First Woman to receive Bharat Ratna She was awarded with the Bharat Ratna as during her career as a Prime Minister of the India, she has contributed a lot towards the public issues including the implementation of various agricultural innovation programs to fight with the food shortage and make the country free of poverty. What is Bharat Ratna Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the India which is provides to the people of India involved in the highest degrees of the national services or human endeavor such as the public services, literary, sports activities, artistic, scientific achievements and...

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Who was the First Woman to Receive Jnanpith Award? The first woman of India who awarded with the Jnanpith Award in 1976 was Ashapoorna Devi. About Ashapoorna Devi (Asha Purna Devi) Ashapoorna Devi was a well known novelist and poet who became the first woman of India awarded with the Jnanpith Award in 1976. She was born on 8th of January in 1909 in Potoldanga, North Calcutta to the Harendra Nath Gupta and Sarola Sundari. She got married to the Kalidas Gupta in the year 1924 and has a son Sushanta. She died on 13th of July in the year 1995. How Ashapoorna Devi became the First Indian Woman to Receive Jnanpith Award She was very interested towards reading books however, during her childhood she was not allowed to go to the school because of her grandmother. After shifting her family to other place, she got new chance to go to school and fulfill her wishes. She and her sisters were used to of composing and reciting poems. She became inspired and sent her poem secretly to get published. She became famous in the year 1922 at her 13 after publishing her poem “Bairer Dak”. In this way she made her permanent place into the literature kingdom. Achievements of Ashapoorna Devi as a First Indian Woman to Receive Jnanpith Award Throughout her literary career, she has been honored with various prestigious prizes and Indian awards. Some of are: In the year 1976, she became the first woman of India who received the Jnanpith Award. She has also been honored with the Padma Shri by the Indian Government in 1976, D.Litt by the Universities of Jabalpur and Deshikottama in the year 1989 by the Vishwa Bharati University. What is Jnanpith Award Jnanpith Award is a most prestigious literary award, offered by the Bharatiya Jnanpith (a trust established by the Sahu Jain family, publisher of “The Times of India” newspaper), of the India which is given to the honored Indian people who writes in any Indian official languages. This award was founded and established in the year 1961 to honor the great Indian...

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Who was the First Woman Lawyer in India? The first woman of India who became the lawyer in India was Cornelia Sorabji. About Cornelia Sorabji Cornelia Sorabji, was born on 15th of November in 1866 in Nashik, Bombay Presidency, British India to the Reverend Sorabji Karsedji and Francina Ford. She died on 6th of July in 1954 in London, United Kingdom. She became the first woman lawyer of India after admitting to the Allahabad High Court. She also became the first woman of India who graduated from the Bombay University, the first woman who read law at the Somerville College, Oxford University in 1889 and first Indian woman who practiced the law in India as well as Britain. How Cornelia Sorabji became the First Woman Lawyer in India She got involved in the social and advisory works after returning to the India. Even after getting the law degree, she could not be recognized as a barrister until the law was changed in 1924. Later in 1904, she was assigned as a Lady Assistant at the Court of Wards, Bengal. She had helped a lot for women and orphans to fight for their legal rights. Finally, in the year 1924, law became a legal profession in India for woman then she started practicing in the Calcutta. She got retired in 1929 from the high court and went to the London. Achievements of Cornelia Sorabji as a First Woman Lawyer in India She was the first woman of India who became lawyer. She became the first woman of India who graduated from the Bombay University. She became the first woman of India who read the law at the Somerville College, Oxford University in 1889. She became the first woman of India who practiced the law in India as well as Britain. What is Lawyer A lawyer is someone who has learned the law and practicing laws (system of rules established by the government to manage the whole country) as a legal representative or advocate. They implement the laws practically while practicing to solve the problems of...

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Who was the First Woman Ambassador of India? The first woman ambassador of India was Chonira Belliappa Muthamma. About C. B. Muthamma Chonira Belliappa Muthamma was born on 24th of January in 1924 in Virajpet, Coorg, Karnataka and died on 14th of October in 2009 at Bangalore. She became the first Indian woman diplomat and later became the first Indian woman Ambassador (High Commissioner). She had completed her graduation from the Women’s Christian College, Chennai where she won the gold medal three times. She also completed her post-graduation (English Literature) from the Presidency College, Chennai. How C. B. Muthamma became the First Woman Ambassador of India She was the first woman of India who sat in the examinations of the Indian Civil Services in the year 1948. She had joined the Indian Foreign Service (IFS) in the year 1949 and became the first Indian woman diplomat and then first Indian woman Ambassador/High Commissioner. She has served as an ambassador to the Hungary, Ghana and Netherlands. She got retired from the Indian Foreign Service in the year 1982. She struggled a lot in order to establish the gender equality in India of male dominated Indian civil services. Even she led the Indian government to the Supreme Court in the year 1979 to pass out the demand for foreign secretary’s post for the woman as well. She has mentioned the gender discrimination in India in her book titled “Slain by the System –India’s Real Crisis”. Achievements of C. B. Muthamma as a First Woman Ambassador of India She became the first woman of India who sat to the Indian Civil Services examinations in the year 1948 and joined the Indian Foreign Service in the year 1949. She became the first Indian woman diplomat and ambassador. She has contributed around 15 acres of her land in Delhi to “The Missionaries of Charity” to set up a school for the orphans. She fought to the government of India against gender discrimination in the Indian Civil Services. What is an Ambassador An ambassador, selected for some special or temporary diplomatic tasks of a country, becomes an official representative (highest ranking diplomat) who went to another state or country (or international organization) as an agent of their own country. An ambassador who is assigned to the Foreign Service needs an approval first by the foreign...

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