Temperature in Babies
Keeping baby healthy, safe and secure is the first and foremost responsibility of the parents specially mother as healthy baby has tendency to grow normally in all aspects lie physically, mentally, intellectually and socially. Keeping baby healthy helps him for better growth and development in the happy and healthy environment and makes a baby much closer and responsible to the parents.
Baby body temperature is the most important aspect which has to be taken care of by the parents all through his/her childhood in order to let grow a baby in healthy ways. Normal baby body temperature is 36 to 37 degree Celsius (means 96.8 to 98.6 degree Fahrenheit). It needs to be taken care of when body temperature falls below 36 degree Celsius (or 96.8 degree Fahrenheit) or body temperature rises above 37 degree Celsius (98.6 degree Fahrenheit).
How to Measure Babies temperature
It is called low grade body temperature if body temperature ranges between 37 to 37.5 degree Celsius (or 98.6 to 99.5 degree Fahrenheit). This may be due to the overheated, summer season, overdressed, heavy bedclothes on, over-wrapped baby ad etc however it is not considered as the fever. If baby does not seem to have any symptoms of cold or infection then it can be solved at home by bedding taken off, unwrap baby, light clothing and etc. Regular check up of the body temperature is required till it comes to normal.
It is called elevated temperature when body temperature rises to 37.5 or above 38 degree Celsius (or 99.5 to 100.4 degree Fahrenheit). It may be due to the immunisation or infection in the body which needs careful precautions to bring temperature down. Cold sponging with tepid water or bathing in tepid water may help however it is best to consult doctor.
It is called fever when it rises above 38 to 38.5 degree Celsius (or 100.4 to 101.3 degree Fahrenheit) due to the severe viral infection, illness or other problem. It is must to consult with doctor immediately.
It is called very high temperature when body temperature rises from 38.5 to 39 degree Celsius (or 101.3 to 102.2 degree Fahrenheit) which needs sponge bath and medication in order to reduce the temperature and prevent side effects of high fever.
It is called extremely high temperature when body temperature rises from 39 and 40 degree Celsius (or 102.2 to 104 degree Fahrenheit) which needs urgent medical attention as it may lead to the health disorders like fits, febrile convulsion and etc.
However, baby body temperature varies according to the body parts from where temperature is taken which are mentioned below:
- Normal oral temperature of the baby is from 35.5°C to 37.5°C (or 95.9°F to 99.5°F) and it is called fever when it reached to 37.6°C (or 99.6°F) or higher.
- Normal armpit (axila) temperature of the baby is from 34.7°C to 37.3°C (or 94.5°F to 99.1°F) and it is called fever when it reached to 37.4°C (or 99.2°F) or higher.
- Normal rectal (anal) temperature of the baby is from 36.6°C to 38°C (or 97.9°F to 100.4°F) and it is called fever when it reached to 38.1°C (or 100.5°F) or higher.
How to Deal with Babies Fever
Never let your baby body temperature to rise constantly as it may lead to some serious health disorders and damage brain so immediately consult your doctor in the early stage. Some of the points are mentioned below regarding to prevent your baby from rising temperature:
- Maintain ideal sleeping temperature in the baby room (18 degrees centigrade or 65 degrees Fahrenheit) and ensure that baby clothes are light especially during summer season or sleep. Avoid extra blanket to wrap him during night and extra layers of clothing.
- Check your baby temperature by placing your palm on baby back or chest and take action immediately if you feel warm or cold.
- You can use different types of thermometer to take oral, axila or rectal temperature in order to be sure whether baby has fever or not.
- Make sure that the thermometer is clean.
- If baby has fever, put him in a cool room, light his/her clothing, do sponging with tepid (normal) water and go to doctor.
- Rise in body temperature may be due to seasonal changes, heavy clothing, hot weather, infection, cold, flu, cough, sore throat, ear infection, urinary tract infection, pneumonia, bronchiolitis, chickenpox or hand, foot and mouth disease, immunization and so many other reasons.
- Digital thermometers are best to measure body temperature at home as they give more accurate value and beep when required to take it out.
- Some of the symptoms like baby feel sleepy or drowsy, do not feel hungry for more hours, cry continuously, sunken fontanelles, dry lips, dark yellow urine, less urination and etc denotes seriousness of the fever.
- Fever is not a disease however it is a sign of other illness or disease and occurs when baby body immunity is fighting with an infection caused due to bacteria and viruses.